Tops the list of most common STIs in the UK.
Very hard to diagnose, it often causes no symptoms
Requires oral antibiotic treatment, usually azithromycin (Zithromax) or doxycycline
Can be transmitted via sexual contact or skin-to-skin contact
Caused by human papilloma virus (HPV)
Symptoms may include: Vaginal discharge, itching, bleeding and burning.
Cryotherapy and lasers can treat flare-ups but the virus itself is incurable.
Caused by herpes simplex virus-1 and herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV)
Often has no or mild symptoms (cold sores, fever blisters) – without complete cure
- Sores and blisters can be uncomfortable but it can be treated with cold compresses and painkillers such as Ibuprofen or Paracetamol
Known as ‘ the clap’, a bacterial STI widely spread in the UK
Common symptoms include: Burning sensation while urinating, painful testicles, white or green discharge from the penis in men, increased vaginal discharge in women
Diagnosed through urine testing
Can lead to fertility problems without prompt medication treatment
Can be spread by vaginal, oral and anal sexual contact
Common symptoms include: Sores on the genitals or mouth, hair loss, flu-like illness. Can lead to heart problems and blindness
Blood tests tend to be an efficient way of diagnosing the disease
Antibiotic treatment available via penicillin injections.
Sources: NHS, British Medical Association